His Holiness The Dalai Lama 第十四世达赖喇嘛尊者 

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Published on April 27, 2011 with

Holiness the Dalai Lama

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His Holiness the 14th Dalai Lama, Tenzin Gyatso, is both the head of state and the spiritual leader of Tibet. He was born on 6 July 1935, to a farming family, in a small hamlet located in Taktser, Amdo, northeastern Tibet.  At the age of two the child, who was named Lhamo Dhondup at that time was recognized as the reincarnation of the 13th Dalai Lama, Thubten Gyatso.  The Dalai Lamas are believed to be manifestations of Avalokiteshvara or Chenrezig, the Bodhisattva of Compassion and patron saint of Tibet.  Bodhisattvas are enlightened beings who have postponed their own nirvana and chosen to take rebirth in order to serve humanity.

Universal Recognition

His Holiness the Dalai Lama is a man of peace.  In 1989 he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his non-violent struggle for the liberation of Tibet.  He has consistently advocated policies of non-violence, even in the face of extreme aggression. He also became the first Nobel Laureate to be recognized for his concern for global environmental problems.

His Holiness has travelled to more than 62 countries spanning 6 continents.  He has met with presidents, prime ministers and crowned rulers of major nations.  He has held dialogues with the heads of different religions and many well-known scientists.

Since 1959 His Holiness has received over 84 awards, honorary doctorates, prizes, etc., in recognition of his message of peace, non-violence, inter-religious understanding, universal responsibility and compassion.  His Holiness has also authored more than 72 books.

一九三五年七月六日,第十四世达赖喇嘛天津嘉措,诞生於西藏安多地区塔尔寺附近一个称为「塔采」的小镇农家中。二岁时,依照西藏传统的宗教仪轨,他被认定为第十三世达赖喇嘛图登嘉措的转世,也是当今西藏人民的最高精神领袖。达赖喇嘛也被相信为大悲观世音菩萨的化身;菩萨是已然证得佛果位,但为求度一切众生而愿意延迟达致涅槃境界。

国际认同

达赖喇嘛为众所周知之和平主义者,於一九八九年荣获举世瞩目的诺贝尔和平奖殊荣。近几年来许多世界著名的大学及机构也授予和平奖及荣誉博士之尊荣,以表彰达赖喇嘛在佛学哲理上的素养与贡献,面对界不同宗教信仰,达赖喇嘛扮演著培养包容及和谐关系的重要角色,同时也因为肯定他对西藏人民的领导能力。

一九六七年九月及十一月,达赖喇嘛首度离开印度访问日本与泰国,与的前世截然不同的是,十四世达赖喇嘛的足迹遍及世界各大洲,从北美、拉丁美洲到欧洲大陆;从非洲、澳大利亚、纽西兰到南亚国家。他会见过宗教领袖、政治领袖,也接见过科学家、医师、作家、哲学家,乃至於平凡百姓,并互相分享彼此的理念和观点。无论他走到那里,所到之处,始终强调全人类的平等,同时强调以爱和慈悲平等对待所有人,没有任何预设立场及界限。

多次国外访问期间,他大声疾呼,对於世界上各种不同宗教信仰的人,应该更深切地互相了解及尊重,基於这个观点,他不断宣扬互相信任与包容的重要,并强调爱心、悲心及慈心的彰显以及对世界大同的责任。他曾经说过:人与人间即使对和平单纯的需求都变得越来越急迫……今日的世界变得越来越小,而相互依赖程度却越来越高,一个国家的问题,不再能够完全由本身解决就可以的。因此,如果对世界和平没有责任认知,而一味只考虑到自身生存,反而将会变成对别人的威胁。基本上,世界和平的基础在於:对他人所遭受的痛苦,我们也应设身处地感同身受,就像我们自己受苦一样;我们也应了解,敌人之所以与我们为敌,其动机完全是出於追求自身幸福而起。因此,我们也必须体认,一切众生所要的都是相同的。也唯有体认上述所言之真义,并经由人与人互相的关怀体谅,才是引领我们走向达到真正了解、以及自在的大道。达赖喇嘛每一世的化身,都可说是菩萨慈悲的示现,以选择转世来利益一切有情众生。